The uncontrollable division of abnormal cells in the colon or rectum, resulting in the formation of a malignant tumor, is termed as colorectal cancer. The colon and rectum take up nutrients from food and water and stores solid waste in the digestive system until it passes out of the body.
Almost every colorectal cancer starts as a polyp that is a growth of the tissue lining in the inner surface of the rectum or colon. There are various types of polyps, may be flat, or raised. Raised polyps usually grow inside the colon or rectum like mushrooms without a stalk or with a stalk. Polyps are also found in people more than 50 years of age, and often they are not cancer. Though, a specific type of polyp called adenoma shows higher risk of cancer.
Methods To Screen For Colorectal Cancer
Screening is the wide process of observing people for cancer showing no symptoms. There are a number of tests being done by the gastroenterologist Kendall to screen individuals for colorectal cancer.
Screening tests are divided into 2 main groups:
In this test, the feces of an individual are examined thoroughly for any signs of cancer. This test is easy to be done and less invasive, but it should be done often to detect any ailment or cancer.
These tests meticulously view the structure of the colon and rectum to find any abnormal areas. This is also done using an endoscope which is a tube-like instrument having light and tiny video camera on the end, which is put into the rectum to view any abnormal growth in the colon.
Both of these tests have different pros and cons, so the best option of tests are suggested by the doctors looking at the symptoms for early diagnosis of any ailment. Then the most important part is to get screened timely, no matter which test is suggested by the gastroenterologist Miami.
When the doctors suggest a different screening than a colonoscopy screening, if any abnormality is found in the test, it should be followed by colonoscopy for correct analysis and further treatment.
These tests are used for diagnosing people having few symptoms of colorectal cancer, digestive diseases or inflammatory bowel disease. People with a family history of colorectal cancer or polyps should get themselves screened at the digestive center frequently because they are more prone to inflammatory bowel disease due to certain inherited conditions in the genes.