Hemorrhoids are internal or external swollen veins in the bottom of rectum and anus. The walls of blood vessels are so thin that veins bulge and wound up, specifically when you poop. Almost every hemorrhoidal flare-up heals within two weeks without visiting a hemorrhoid clinic.
Increased pressure, obese or hurting due to bowel movements is amongst the main causes of hemorrhoids. In the fifties, almost 50 percent of the population has complained about at least one sign of hemorrhoids like rectal pain, itching, bleeding, or prolapse through the anal canal. Though It is hardly dangerous, they are painful and keep on reoccurring.
Complications of hemorrhoids
It can lead to various health complications. External hemorrhoids often result in the development of painful blood clots and severe pain termed as thrombosis or thrombosed hemorrhoids while internal hemorrhoids cause discomfort and bleeding during bowel movements. The treatment of thrombosed hemorrhoids involves incision and drainage procedure.
If doctors who treat hemorrhoids see external or prolapsed hemorrhoids for more than two weeks, then they suggest surgery. People do feel rectal and anal pain after the hemorrhoid surgery is performed for which doctors probably prescribe a painkiller and ointment to ease the discomfort and early relief.
Diagnosis of hemorrhoids
If you have external hemorrhoids, then a doctor can confirm it by just looking on it while internal hemorrhoids are diagnosed by various tests, procedures, and examination through anal canal and rectum.
Digital rectal examination is often performed at hemorrhoid clinic in which the doctor puts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum of the patient. If some unusual growths are observed, the doctor suggests for further tests. Since internal hemorrhoids are not often felt in a rectal exam, the doctor inspects the lower portion of your rectum and colon with various instruments such as anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidoscope. They also examine your entire colon using colonoscopy, if they suspect any digestive system disease or any threat for colorectal cancer.
People having any bowel issue are suggested to eat a high-fiber diet and drink 8 to 10 glasses of water per day as it promotes softer and more regular bowel movements solving the issue of internal and external hemorrhoids. They recommend using stool softeners to diminish straining during bowel movements, as they make the hemorrhoids worse causing prolonged bleeding. The doctor recommends topical ointments to get early recovery from occasional itching, pain, or swelling.